How Plasma Air Technology Works

Plasma Air uses bipolar ionization technology to proactively purify indoor air at the source of contamination.

How Bipolar Ionization Works to Clean the Air of Pollutants

Much like sunlight does in the atmosphere, Plasma Air technology produces a natural bio-climate rich in positive and negative oxygen ions. The negative ions contain an extra electron while the positive ions are missing an electron resulting in an unstable condition. In an effort to restabilize, these bipolar ions seek out atoms and molecules in the air to trade electrons with, effectively neutralizing particulate matter, bacteria and virus cells, odorous gases and aerosols, and VOCs.

Airborne particles are charged by the ions causing them to cluster and be caught in filters
As they divide to reproduce, bacteria and virus cells bond with oxygen ions and are destroyed
Odorous gases and aerosols oxidize on contact with oxygen ions and are neutralized
Oxygen ions cause a chemical reaction with VOCs breaking down their molecular structure

See Bipolar Ionization in Action

Watch Plasma Air prevent mold growth over 6 days in a controlled laboratory experiment.

Watch Plasma Air remove smoke in 60 seconds in a controlled laboratory experiment.

How Plasma Air Compares to Reactive Air Purification Methods

Plasma Air’s bipolar ionization technology is a superior solution because it proactively treats the air in the occupied space at the source of contamination. Traditional end-of-pipe solutions utilize a reactive “pass-through” or “filtered” approach.

 
Plasma Air
Particle Filtration HEPA / Fine Grain Filters1 Carbon Filters2 Ultraviolet3 Biofilters Chemical Scrubber PCO4
Description Bipolar Ionization Pre-filters, bag filters, pre-treated filters, fiberglass filters for larger airborne particles Captures fine airborne particles Absorbs and filters chemicals Ultraviolet light kills germs and remove airborne particles Treats exhausted air through biological media by reacting with contaminants Treats exhausted air through chemical media by reacting with contaminants Filtered media is coated with material that reacts with chemicals
Energy savings Up to 30% None None None None None None None
Pressure drop Minor Minor Large Medium None Very high High Medium
Particle size Small Large(> 5um) Small(< 0.01um) N/A N/A N/A N/A Large
Treats air in room Yes No No No No No No No
Treats Make-up / Supply air Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Treats return air Yes Yes Yes Rarely Yes No No Yes
Treats exhaust air Yes Rarely No Yes Rarely Yes Yes Rarely
Capital costs Low Low Medium High Medium Very High Very High High
O&M Costs Low Low Low to medium High Marginal Very High Very High High
Energy Costs Low Low High High Low High High Medium
Disposal Costs None Low Depends on contamination High Marginal High High High
Success rates 99% Minimal 0-80% Marginal Minimal Marginal Marginal Marginal
1. HEPA filters add significant pressure drop resulting in larger horsepower motors and increased fan energy. 2. Carbon has high first cost, additional space requirements in the air handling units and prohibitive media replacement costs. 3. At high levels, UV can create noxious gases and is mutagenic. Bacteria kill rates are negligible with no effectiveness in the occupied space. 2. PCO can produce formaldehyde.

What Are Oxygen Ions?

Ions are molecules or atoms that contain an electrical charge and exist in nature in various sizes. Small ions only last between 30 and 300 seconds before losing their charge, but are extremely active.

Small ion densities range from 900 to 1,100 negative ions and 1,000 to 1,200 positive ions per cubic centimeter (ions/cm3) in pristine natural environments. At sea level ion density is typically around 500 negative and 600 positive ions/cm3. In cities and inside buildings ion levels drop by 80% to 95% and can be barely detectable in small spaces.

As ion density decreases, so does the air quality. By increasing the quantity of both positively and negatively charged small oxygen ions, air quality is improved. This is the basis of Plasma Air's bipolar ionization technology.

PA_Small_Ion_Count_Graph_opt2.jpg

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